DASS21

Depression, anxiety, and stress scale (DASS)

The DASS-21 should not be used to replace a face to face clinical interview. If you are experiencing significant emotional difficulties you should contact your GP for a referral to a qualified professional.

For people familiar with using this test. If you are not familiar with this test, please consult a licensed therapist familiar with the test.

Scoring:

0  Did not apply to me at all
1  Applied to me to some degree, or some of the time
2  Applied to me to a considerable degree or a good part of time
3  Applied to me very much or most of the time

Questions:

s I found it hard to wind down
a I was aware of dryness of my mouth
d I couldn’t seem to experience any positive feeling at all
a I experienced breathing difficulty (e.g. excessively rapid breathing, breathlessness in the absence of physical exertion)
d I found it difficult to work up the initiative to do things
s I tended to over-react to situations
a I experienced trembling (e.g. in the hands)
s I felt that I was using a lot of nervous energy
a I was worried about situations in which I might panic and make a fool of myself
d I felt that I had nothing to look forward to
s I found myself getting agitated
s I found it difficult to relax
d I felt down-hearted and blue
s I was intolerant of anything that kept me from getting on with what I was doing
a I felt I was close to panic
d I was unable to become enthusiastic about anything
d I felt I wasn’t worth much as a person
s I felt that I was rather touchy
a I was aware of the action of my heart in the absence of physical exertion (e.g. sense of heart rate increase, heart missing a beat)
a I felt scared without any good reason
d I felt that life was meaningless

Ranges:

Add up the D, A, and Ss from above, multiplying each by 2.

Depression (D) Anxiety (A) Stress (S)
Normal 0-9 0-7 0-14
Mild 10-13 8-9 15-18
Moderate 14-20 10-14 19-25
Severe 21-27 15-19 26-33
Extremely Severe 28+ 20+ 34+